It’s easy for overactive bladder to be misdiagnosed for other bladder conditions. That’s because symptoms often present in similar ways. Let’s take a look at bladder conditions with similar symptoms to OAB.
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI)
SUI refers to the leakage of urine when you laugh, cough or sneeze.
Often caused by weak pelvic floor muscles, treatment may include pelvic floor muscle training, usually with a physiotherapist.
Urinary tract infection (UTI)
A UTI is an infection of the bladder, urethra or the kidneys.
Like OAB, it can cause urinary urgency and frequency but usually includes other symptoms such as pain or cramping, dark or foul-smelling urine as well as general fatigue or fever. UTIs can usually be treated, and cured, with a course of antibiotics.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
BPH is a condition that only affects men and concerns the prostate.
Sitting underneath the bladder and surrounding the urethra, the prostate may increase in size as a man ages. This is a common condition known as BPH and is NOT to be confused with prostate cancer.
More than 60% of men over 50 years of age experience urinary symptoms due to BPH.1 Although there is an overlap of symptoms in BPH and overactive bladder, they are two different conditions and will usually be treated separately.
Whatever your symptoms, it’s important that you get them properly diagnosed by a doctor and find the right management and/or treatment options for your condition.
1. Carballido J et al. Int J Clin Prac 2011;65;989–996.